Posted in 1900-War of the Golden Stool

 

Golden Stool – Part Two | Anansekrom TV

 

“Golden Stool” is a two-part Nigerian produced feature length film, shot on location in Ghana, West Africa Distributed by A.A. Productions and Ace Media in Ghana. The film dramatizes the mystical history of the Asante people’s prized spiritual possession, The Golden Stool.

“The Golden Stool for the People of Ashanti is their spiritual symbol. Covered with pure gold, it flew out from the sky in thick cloud of white dust and rested on the knees of Osei Tutu I who united the Ashanti Kingdom. This happened on a famous Friday at a gathering of chiefs from Ashanti and was made possible by an intelligent and powerful fetish priest, Okomfo Anokye.

“This Golden Stool is never allowed to touch the ground. When a new Ashanti King is enstolled, he is merely lowered and raised over it three times without touching it. Whenever the golden stool is taken out on special occasions, the Asantehene follows it.

The Ashantis have never lost the Golden Stool and it serves as an enduring symbol of their culture. It has also helped to keep the Asante people as one people.

“Tradition also has it that, this stool contained the spirit of the Asante people. Just as a man could not live when his soul is departed, so the Asante people would disappear from history if ever the Golden stool were taken away from them.

“On the advice of the Fetish Priest Okomfo Anokye, Osei Tutu I also established the great annual festival called Akwasidae (or Odwira). On the occasion of this festival, all the Asante kings assemble at Kumasi and renew their allegiance to the Golden Stool and their loyalty to the Asantehene.”

Credit: info-ghana.com

PLEASE NOTE: Unauthorized upload of this video is prohibited. Any unauthorized copy on any YouTube channel will be taken down. (C) 2005. A.A. Productions / Ace Media

Massacre Over a …Golden Stool: An Account of an Anglo-Ashanti War for the Symbol of a Nation


“Massacre Over a …Golden Stool: An Account of an Anglo-Ashanti War for the Symbol of a Nation” is an account of the War of the Golden Stool (1900). This armed conflict took place in what is now Ghana, and what was then called the Gold Coast. The war pitted the Ashanti (or Asante) people against the British Empire, which only recently taken control of the Ashanti kingdom.

The Ashanti are an Akan-speaking people who now form a large proportion of the population of Ghana. The once-powerful Ashanti kingdom emerged around the end of the seventeenth century, as the small Ashanti state began conquering surrounding Akan peoples and incorporating them into their growing empire.

By the eighteenth century the Ashanti had become the largest and most powerful kingdom in the Gold Coast region of West Africa. Their rulers had the title “Asantehene” (“king”), and the sacred symbol of their state was a gold-plated stool. Stools were the traditional symbol of royal authority in Akan societies. The Ashanti golden stool was said to have appeared from heaven due to the actions of the founder of the Ashanti Empire, king Osei Tutu and his priest Okomfo Anokye.

In the nineteenth century, the British gradually began to expand their influence along the coast of present-day Ghana. This brought them into conflict with the Ashanti, who derived wealth, and items such as muskets, from the coastal transatlantic trade. The Ashanti sold large numbers of enslaved Africans to European traders on coast, so British anti-slave trade efforts after 1807 must have antagonized them.

The Ashanti were defeated by Britain in the Third Anglo-Ashanti War (1873-1874),. In the Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War (1895-1896) they were defeated again. This time the Ashanti king, Prempeh I, was exiled, and the Ashanti kingdom was brought under direct British control.

The War of the Golden Stool, in 1900, is the subject of this article. This war was an anti-British rebellion sparked by a conflict over the symbolic golden stool. The British saw the stool as a symbol of Ashanti independence, so they demanded it be turned over to them. The Ashanti, for their part, saw the stool as so important that they refused to hand it over to the British. Instead they hid the stool and rose up in revolt against Britain. The revolt was suppressed after some bloody fighting and the Ashanti kingdom was formally incorporated into the British Gold Coast colony.

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