Posted in 1904-Herero War

The Herero and Namaqua Genocide is considered to have been the first genocide of the 20th century. It took place between 1904 and 1907 in German South-West Africa (modern day Namibia), during the scramble for Africa.

On January 12, 1904, the Herero people, led by Samuel Maharero, rebelled against German colonial rule. In August, German general Lothar von Trotha defeated the Herero in the Battle of Waterberg and drove them into the desert of Omaheke, where most of them died of thirst. In October, the Nama people also rebelled against the Germans only to suffer a similar fate.

In total, from 24,000 up to 100,000 Herero and 10,000 Nama died. The genocide was characterized by widespread death by starvation and thirst because the Herero who fled the violence were prevented from returning from the Namib Desert.

Some sources also claim that the German colonial army systematically poisoned desert wells.

In 1985, the United Nations’ Whitaker Report classified the aftermath as an attempt to exterminate the Herero and Nama peoples of South-West Africa, and therefore one of the earliest attempts at genocide in the 20th century. The German government recognized and apologized for the events in 2004, but has ruled out financial compensation for the victims’ descendants.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Herero Land. Namibia. Damara and Namaqua Lands – 1885 – old map – antique map – vintage map – printed maps of Namibia

Antique Map: Herero Land. Namibia. Damara and Namaqua Lands. Title: ‘Herero Land’. Type: Antique wood-engraved map; Scale 1:7;000;000. Date of printing: 1885. Size: 14.5 x 11.0cm, 5.75 x 4.5 inches (Small), 171 sq cm. Artist, cartographer or engraver: Engraved for Élisée Reclus. Condition: Good; suitable for framing. Please check the scan for any blemishes prior to making your purchase. Verso: There are images and/or text printed on the reverse side of the picture. In some cases this may be visible on the picture itself (please check the scan prior to your purchase) or around the margin of the picture. Provenance: “The Universal Geography”; by Élisée Reclus, Edited by A.H. Keane, Published by J.S. Virtue & Co., London [Universal Geography]. Subject categories: Namibia Reclus.
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