Anglo Irish War 2 of 3
The Dail Eireann is declared illegal and the new IRA fights a guerrilla war around Dublin and in the Irish Countryside in an effort to make Ireland ungovernable for the British
Since the 1880s, Irish nationalists in the Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) had been demanding Home Rule, or self-government, from Britain. Fringe organisations, such as Arthur Griffith’s Sinn Féin instead argued for some form of Irish independence, but they were in a small minority at this time.
The demand for Home Rule was eventually granted by the British Government in 1912, immediately prompting a prolonged crisis within the United Kingdom as Ulster Unionists formed an armed organisation—the Ulster Volunteers — to resist this measure of devolution. In turn, Nationalists formed their own military organisation, the Irish Volunteers.